By Solomon Okpo
Insecurity in Nigeria is a complex issue with multiple causes. Here are some of the main factors contributing to insecurity in the country:
Unemployment: The high unemployment rate, particularly among the youth, is a significant cause of insecurity. Rapid population growth and economic decline have exacerbated this issue.
Corruption: In 2021, Nigeria was ranked 146th out of 180 countries in the Corruption Perceptions Index. Corruption has become a part of life in the country, deterring international investors and contributing to economic problems1.
Regional Imbalance: Different parts of the country develop at different rates. This disparity, particularly in oil-rich regions, leads to feelings of injustice and can result in actions such as vandalism of oil pipelines.
Weak Judicial System: A weak judicial system contributes to insecurity as criminals often go unpunished. This situation fosters a belief that money can buy freedom, leading to a lack of security among the populace.
Bad Governance and Poor Leadership: The government’s inability to provide public services and meet the basic needs of the masses has led to frustration and violence.
Poverty and Inequality: The failure to address poverty and unequal wealth distribution among ethnic nationalities is a major contributor to insecurity.
Terrorism and Kidnapping: Groups like Boko Haram have caused significant damage, leading to loss of life, displacement of people, and general insecurity.
These are just some of the causes. Addressing insecurity in Nigeria requires tackling these issues head-on. It’s a complex problem that requires comprehensive and long-term solutions.